Friday, April 1st, 1864
On picket in Hogjaw Valley. 3 Corps., 9 privates; raining most of the time.
On patrol to Shell Mound.
P. Daley starts home on furlough.
On fatigue, building Fort.
On guard at the Pontoon Bridge.
Detailed tonight to guard prisoners at Brigade Hd. Qr.
Received orders to march on Saturday next (30th).
(Editorís Note: Sherman, succeeding Grant in the command of the Military Division of the Mississippi, received his orders from Grant on the 30th of April to advance southward from the vicinity of Chattanooga. His chief objectives were the destruction of the Confederate army under Johnston, then at Dalton in northern Georgia, and the capture of Atlanta.)
Monday, May 2nd, 1864
Left Bridgeport this morning at 7 a.m. and camped at Whiteside. 15 miles.
Left Camp at 8 a.m. and marched to Chattanooga, 15 miles. Col. Fox made his farewell speech.
Left Camp at 8 a.m., camped 5 p.m., passed over the old Chickamauga Battlefield, 12 miles.
Left Camp at 6 a.m. and camped at 4 p.m., crossed the Chickamauga Creek and camped in Pleasant Valley, marched 12 miles. Georgia.
Camp Pleasant Valley. On picket, 2 men killed and one wounded.
Relieved at 3 a.m., marched at 6 a.m. Camped at 4 p.m. at Anderson, Clinton Co., Georgia; reports of a battle at Tunnel Hill, marched 12 miles.
Sunday; laid in camp, firing on our right and left, a thousand reports going wind.
In Camp at Anderson, some fighting on our right and left wing; two or three hundred men brought in wounded.
(Editorís Note: Sherman determined to turn the Confederate position at Dalton and for that purpose tried to make a passage at Snake Creek Gap, farther south. Masking this movement, Thomas menaced Johnstonís front but in so doing had quite a severe engagement with the Confederates at Buzzardís Roost.)
Marched at 1 a .m. and joined McPhersonís Corps on our right by ten oíclock, marched 10 miles.
(Editorís Note: McPherson passed through Snake Creek Gap sit appeared suddenly before the Confederate works near Resaca on the railway south of Dalton. These works were too formidable for an attack with his force alone so he fell back to a strong position in Snake Creek Gap awaiting the main army. Sherman was somewhat disappointed in the result of these movements but felt an advantage had been gained. On the 10th he ordered Thomas to send hookerís corps to the support of McPherson.)
Camped at Snake Creek Gap.
Fixed some road through the Gap.
Marched through the Gap, heavy firing in front, marched 5 miles.
(Editorís Note: By menacing the Confederate position near Snake Creek Gap and Resaca, Sherman compelled Johnston to abandon Dalton and fall hack to the menaced position; from that position Johnston took post behind a line of entrenchments.)
Laid most of the day in support of Butterfield, about 5 p.m. ordered to the left. The Rebs just broke our lines; our men were skedaddling in double quick. We went in with a yell and repulsed them; laid out as skirmishers all night. 5 miles.
This morning a general advance along the lines: this afternoon we had a warm time but succeeded in driving the rebels. Lost six men wounded from our Company. We were hotly engaged 2 hours.
(Editorís Note: Sherman was severely pressing Johnston at Resaca and a general engagement ensued in the afternoon and evening. Johnston abandoned Resaca and the following morning the Nationals took possession while Shermanís whole force started in pursuit.† Hassell Hopper was wounded.)
The Rebs in full retreat. (I guess we scared them last night.) We are in pursuit; the Rebs have left their dead and wounded on the field, marched 10 miles.
Left Camp this morning about 10 a.m., crossed the Consawassa river. Henry Miller came back to the regt., marched 10 miles.
Left Camp 8 a.m. and marched 15 miles.
Left Camp at 1 p.m., marched 6 miles and came across the Rebs; drove them about 4 miles from 4 lines of breastworks where they again made a stand at Cassville and it being dark we had to halt. and throw up breastworks. 6 miles.
(Editorís Note: Sherman was pushing Johnston farther and farther into Georgia, meeting but slight opposition along the way. After making a brief stand at the Georgia State Arsenal at Adairsville, which the Nationals destroyed, he moved on to Cassville where Sherman found him holding a strong position and apparently determined to fight.)
The Rebs were hard at work last night throwing up breastworks and building Forts; heavy skirmishing all night; this morning our Cavalry advanced. The Rebs have left their works. They were heavily fortified in a very strong position; a beautiful graveyard was torn up and the Tomb≠stones made into breastworks.
(Editorís Note: Common sense told Johnston to move on and he did so that night, crossing the Etowah River, burning the bridges, and placing that stream between his army and the ever advanc≠ing Sherman. In Memoranda (see appendix) Hopper noted ďfight at Resaca, May 20th/64, where we lost 45 men killed and wounded, May 20th at Peach Tree Creek, we lost 35 menĒ Ö ďfight on the 25th near Dallas, lost 75 menĒ.)
Today we are in Camp. The boys are washing up their clothes, orders to be ready for a 20 daysí march.
(Editorís Note: Johnston halted near the Allatoona Pass, in a very strong position among rugged hills where he was not molested for two or three days because Sherman gave his army rest on the right bank of the Etowah, while supplies were brought for the next stage of the campaign.)
Still in camp, expect to march tomorrow; some few prison≠ers and some deserters come in.
Leave Camp at 4 a.m.; about 10 a.m. I fell sick and was carried to the ambulance; crossed a small river about 4 p.m. and camped, marched 10 miles; six men of our brigade died of sunstroke.
(Editorís Note: Hopper received a leg wound at Resaca.† The next day he was unable to remain in camp for they were ordered out.† Family members remember that he walked with a slight limp.)
Left Camp at 5 a.m., slight skirmishing all day: marched about 14 miles.
Left Camp at 8 a.m. and marched 4 miles to dinner; at about 3 p.m. Butterfield encountered the Rebs ambushed and suffered severely. We were in the fight twice during the afternoon, drove the Rebs 1 mile; we suffered severely, 7 men in our company wounded. 7 miles. (Battle of Dallas)
Elijah Hickan††† dead
John Saffley †††† w.(wounded) severely
Jess Collins ††††††††††††††††† ď
George Liter ††††††††††††††† ď
George Coffin†††††††††††††† ď
James Ruddell††††††††††††† ď
(Editorís Note: Sherman with his various divisions continued his pursuit of Johnston and suddenly came upon him fairly well intrenched. A sharp conflict ensued. Hooker made a hold push but a stormy night was coming on and though he gained some ground he could not drive the Confederates from that position.)
Laid still today, smart skirmishing all day along the front lines, our Troops are getting into position; our Division has suffered severely.
(Editorís Note: The following morning Sherman found the Confederates strongly intrenched with lines extending from Dallas to Marietta.)
Orders to be ready to march this morning at 4 a.m., laid in camp all day. Our troops are putting in a terrible fire all day; the Rebel cannon is silenced. Our Division lost 1850 men the other night, 19 from our Regt.
(Editorís Note: In his efforts to dislodge Johnston, Sherman moved McPherson to Dallas and Thomas to New Hope Church. In this vicinity there were many severe encounters ending unfavor≠ably for the Nationals. Then McPherson endeavored to join Thomas in front of New Hope Church so that Sherman might more easily strike Johnstonís right; the Confederates struck a severe blow; they were repulsed but at an extremely heavy cost to the Nationals.)
Heavy firing all night; this morning we were ordered to march at 4 a.m. We are in charge of some prisoners and guarding a train to Kingston for ammunition, marched 12 miles.
Left Camp this morning 5 a.m., reached Kingston at 3 p.m. 12 miles.
Left Kingston at 6 a.m., marched 16 miles.
Marched to the Front, about 8 miles, heavy skirmishing going on.
Wednesday, June 1st, 1864
Left Camp at 8 a.m. and moved around the left, about 5 miles.
(Editorís Note: Sherman moved his army to the left and compelled Johnston to evacuate his position at Allatoona Pass.)
Moved about 3 miles further around to the left, put up breastworks, moved our position and put up more. 3 miles.
Laid behind our breastworks all day, heavy firing on the line.
Still behind our works; this evening I was detailed on the skirmish line, rained all night, heavy skirmishing.
(Editorís Note: Johnston abandoned his works covering New Hope Church when Sherman advanced and took possession of the railway.)
This morning the Reb skirmishers have retreated; we are relieved, the Brigade has moved: march about 5 miles.
Our company as skirmishers, march about 1 mile and again come across them. We threw out a line of skirmishers and formed a line of battle, threw up breastworks, moved position and built more breastworks.
Again moved position a little to the left, slight skirmishing on the lines.
Behind breastworks, slight skirmishing still going on, commences to rain.
Two or three Regts. of Cavalry went out and ran the skirmishers into their works. Raining.
Still laid behind the breastworks expecting to move every moment. Rains.
Stil1 in Camp, the 4th. Corps move in front and drive the† skirmishers into their entrenchments; still rains.
Looks a little brighter this morning.
A general advance, drive the Rebs into their works, 2 miles.
(Editorís Note: After much maneuvering, Sherman, under cover of a heavy cannonade, began his advance on Johnstonís lines between Kennesaw and Pine Mts. The troops pressed on fighting at almost every step; the Confederates abandoned Pine Mt. and took position on their line of entrenchments between Kenesaw and Lost Mts.)
Pretty sharp fighting, both parties in their entrenchments.
The Rebs on the retreat; they leave their works, we follow them up. They are again in their entrenchments, heavy artillery firing, 2 miles.
(Editorís Note: The Confederates abandoned Lost Mt. and the long line of works connecting it with Kennesaw and took position on the lofty heights of the latter.)
Again on the retreat, drove them out of 2 lines of works. 2 miles.
Follow them up; rains dreadfully. The rebs are again in their entrenchments.
Laid in reserve, sharp skirmishing with some cannonading.
Moved position, rains heavily.
Sharp skirmishing, moved into a ridge and threw up breastworks.
Again moved position, drove the Rebs back; planted our batteries and had a warm time generally, about 5 p.m. the Rebs charged us but they went back quicker than they came; our loss very slight.
(Editorís Note: A detachment of Johnstonís army under Hood attacked the Nationals: although the movement was sudden & unexpected he was received with a terrible return blow making him recoil in great confusion leaving in his retreat his killed, wounded & many prisoners in the hands of the Nationals. The struggle was brief & bloody & is known as the Battle of Kulp House.)
Laid behind our breastworks, very sharp skirmishing; the 23rd Corps buried 21 hundred Rebs today.
Some fighting along the lines but in the main quiet; strengthen our works.
Heavy skirmishing along the lines; the Rebs occasionally make a dash on our Pickets after night but are unsuccessful.
Lieut. Dimm of Co. D was killed today on the skirmish line. He was a brave & good officer; we feel his loss very much.
A general charge was ordered all along the lines; the 14th and 4th Corps suffered severely. They took the first line of the enemyís works. The Rebs have the strongest position here and are the best fortified of any place we have found them.
(Editorís Note: After a disastrous defeat at the hands of the Confed≠erates on the 27th with an aggregate loss of about 3000 men, the Nationals reversed and began seriously to threaten Johnstonís rear.)
They occupy Kennesaw Mountains which they have covered with cannon. They have several Bomb Proof Forts, and two or three lines of Breastworks which it would be madness to charge. We shall have to flank them; making out Muster Rolls.
Mustered for pay.